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When it comes to mental health and psychological services, it’s vital to understand which titles are legally protected and which are not. This knowledge is key to avoiding being misled by titles that sound official but do not guarantee the holder’s qualifications or expertise.

Protected Titles for Psychologists

Protected titles are legally regulated, and individuals using these titles must have met stringent educational, training, and ethical standards. In the UK, the following are examples of protected titles in the field of psychology:

The Health Professions Council was given statutory responsibility for the registration of professional applied psychologists from July 2009. From August 2012, only psychologists who are registered with the Health & Care Professions Council (HCPC) may use titles protected by the HCPC. These are:

  • Clinical Psychologist
  • Counselling Psychologist
  • Educational Psychologist
  • Forensic Psychologist
  • Health Psychologist
  • Occupational Psychologist
  • Sports and Exercise Psychologist
  • Registered Psychologist
  • Practitioner Psychologist

The BPS website;

The HCPC states that ‘… A person commits an offence if they use a protected title if they are not registered. It is also an offence to deceive by implying that you are a member of one of the professions we regulate i.e. provide psychological services.’ When unqualified people refer to themselves as ‘psychologists’ this may create confusion for the public, other professions and the legal system. But unless such people cross other boundaries, such as laws concerning misrepresentation of qualifications, deception and fraud, this is currently not illegal.

Unprotected Titles and Misconceptions

In contrast, there are many titles in the wellness and coaching industry that are not legally protected. This means anyone can use these titles, regardless of their actual training or competence:

  • Therapist or Psychotherapist: Surprisingly, these titles are not protected in some jurisdictions, leading to potential misuse.
  • Life Coach/Mindset Coach: These titles are not regulated and can be used by anyone, with no required standard of training or ethical practice.
  • Wellness Advisor: A vague title that does not specify any formal psychological training.
  • Mental Health Coach: This title can be particularly misleading as it implies a focus on mental health without the requisite professional training.

Why This Matters in Psychology

The lack of regulation around certain titles can make it challenging for individuals seeking psychological support to discern qualified professionals from those without appropriate training. It’s easy to be duped by titles that sound authoritative but lack the backing of formal education and ethical regulation.


When seeking psychological support or services, it’s crucial to verify the qualifications and regulatory status of the practitioner. Opt for professionals with legally protected titles to ensure that you receive services from individuals who are not only qualified but are also accountable to professional standards and ethical practices.

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